Fishery and Oceanographic Research Vessel(FORV) Sagar Sampada has been
carrying out oceanographic and fisheries survey in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone,
ever since 1984. The data and information generated by this vessel are supplemented by
the research vessels owned and operated by other organisations such as Fishery Survey of
India, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, etc. This vessel caters to the needs of
user agencies including the fisheries and oceanographic research institutes for undertaking
studies on assessment of the marine living resources and their relationship with the
oceanographic parameters in the EEZ of our country.
During the year, 13 cruises were carried out by FORV Sagar Sampada with the
participation of 29 organisations. Major accomplishments are:
Physical and Chemical oceanographic data for quantifying North-South Transport of
biogenic element, were collected.
Inter-annual variability of hydrographic conditions during the North East monsoon in the
Eastern Arabian Sea and redox chemistry of nitrogen system with the Oxygen poor
water of the Arabian sea, investigated.
The effect of chlorinated hydrocarbon compounds, was assessed under marine pollution
Calibration of onboard scientific equipment was undertaken.
20 research scholars from 11 Indian Universities of 9 States were imparted training on
zooplankton methodology through cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada
Water circulation and paleoclimate/ paleooceanography in Arabian Sea, were studied.
LAN system on board the vessel was installed.
Crustacean fishery resources were assessed.
Fish biomass was studied by conducting acoustic survey in the east and west coasts.
Efficiency of gears and assessment of resources and post-harvest technology were
Isotopic analysis in a micro-extraction system, invented by a participant Dr. Yoshinari of
State University Albany, USA, was used for the first time during Cruise No. 136.
Arabian Sea is found to be a region with extremely delicately poised biogeochemical
balance that makes it very sensitive to human interference.
33m Bobbin trawl found suitable for demersal trawling in continental slope with wavy
Maintenance of all scientific equipment onboard was carried out as per the
satisfaction of the User Agencies. Acoustic, analytical and meteorological equipment were
calibrated for better performance and accuracy. Sagar Sampada Cell continued to dispose
off the fish stored onboard FORV Sagar Sampada incidental to the various research
programmes through the Integrated Fisheries Project (IFP), Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of
India. During the year, a total catch of about 1,746 Kg. of different varieties of fish landed
was handed over to IFP for product development.
The vessel participated in a 75 day successful Krill Assessment Cruise during
December 1995 to March 1996, for studying the potential of krill in the Indian Ocean Area of
Antarctic Waters. The vessel covered 33 sampling stations making 16 trial hauls in the
southern ocean for a period of 22 days and conducted a number of experiments, collected
data on distribution and abundance of krill and other living resources. Some of the
significant scientific objectives achieved include: (i) Physio-chemical and biological
processes in relation to krill swarming; (ii) Phyto-Zooplankton and its relation to krill
distribution; (iii) Identification of krill aggregation and its characteristics by acoustic and
visual means and assessment of harvesting potential of krill; (iv) Assessment of distribution
and abundance of krill, cephalopods and Antarctic fish, etc. Studies on commercial
feasibility of exploitation of krill and other Antarctic living resources, aspects of post-harvest
technology of processing krill meat and the associated bio-chemical and post-mortem
changes, storage, product development including preparation of ready to cook products and
ready to serve products out of krill and Antarctic fish meat, development of fish protein
concentrate and derivation of chitin and chitosan from krill shell wastes in the shore
laboratory, were also undertaken.