Establishment of India Africa Centre for Medium Range Weather Prediction

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East African highlands play an important role on the development of Somali Jet which is a crucial component for understanding the Indian summer monsoon. In addition, the observations over African regions are sparse and any additional information over these regions will be beneficial since the air mass from African region flows over India during most time of the year. In addition, there are several buoys that are deployed by India that generates observations over Arabian Sea. It is proposed that Indian scientists will work towards quantifying the role of these highlands and improve medium-range predictions not only over India but also over Africa. In view of the above, Government of India has committed to establish a joint Indo African centre for medium range weather prediction in eastern Africa to build capacity in the African country that will help them to understand and adapt an end-to-end medium range weather forecasting system. This will not only be beneficial to both the countries, it will result in enhancing African countries' capability to understand, generate and disseminate weather forecast and products 3 to 10 days in advance.

a) Objectives:

To enhance the African countries' capability to implement an end-to-end medium-range weather forecasting system in Africa to generate and disseminate weather forecast and products 3 to 10 days in advance; with an aim to enhance African countries' capability to understand, anticipate and manage the impacts of weather fluctuations to support sustainable development through exchange of information, experience and expertise and strengthen institutional mechanisms.

b) Participating Institutions:

National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast, Noida.

c) Implementation Plan:

The India Africa Forum shall decide the location and the mechanism of governance of the India-Africa Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting. It is envisaged that the country hosting the Centre shall provide the land and building for the Centre and cater to the budget for recurring costs. it is proposed that the Centre is preferably located near the eastern coast of Africa since the wind flow from this region comes directly over India through the Arabian Sea. In addition this will also ensure proximity to the buoys that are deployed by India that generates observations over the Arabian Sea. East African highlands play an important role on the development of Somali Jet (a crucial component of the Indian summer monsoon). Indian scientists shall be able to work and quantify the role of these highlands and improve medium-range predictions not only over India but also over Africa. Nairobi (Kenya) and Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) in the eastern Africa may be considered to host such a facility. Countries in eastern Africa have few pan-African and International Centres such the Headquarters of African Union is located in Addis Ababa, Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)- Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC)in Nairobi. Headquarters of UNEP is also located in Nairobi. Proximity of eastern Africa to India will be an added advantage if the proposed Centre is located in any country in eastern Africa.

d) Deliverables:

Establishment of a complete centre for medium Range Weather Forecasting in Africa along with capacity building.

e) Budget requirement : 180 crores

(Rs. In crores)

Budget Requirement
Name of the Scheme 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 Total
Africa Centre 10.00 20.00 80.00 40.00 30.00 180.00

 

Last Updated On 04/06/2015 - 17:53
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