1. Recognizing the importance of scientific and technical cooperation in Earth Observations and Earth Sciences a MoU was signed on the Earth sciences and Observations by MoES (on behalf of Govt. of India), and NOAA (on behalf of US Government) on 16th April 2008. The MoU is an enabling mechanism for undertaking joint activities between the two countries to use the combined scientific and technical skills in enhancing the observations of the Earth and use the information most effectively for the benefit of the society.
2. Under this MoU each project will have its own Implementation Arrangement (IA) plan and strategy with identified PIs from India and US with well defined objectives, deliverables, individual as well as joint roles and monitoring/evaluating mechanism. Following IAs have been signed.
(i)Development of the Research moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and prediction(RAMA) for Improving Weather and Monsoon Forecasts.
(ii) Development of the South Asian Regional Reanalysis (SARR) to advance Understanding, Modeling, and Prediction of Monsoon Hydroclimate Variability and Change
(iii) Development of Climate Monitoring and Prediction System for the South Asian Region for different temporal scales
(iv) Development of Climate Model and Ocean Assimilation Analyses for the Indian Ocean Region& for seasonal and decadal time scales.
3. The First Science Colloquium was convened in New Delhi during 11-12 September 2008, by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Government of India and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations (NOAA), USA on ‘Earth Observations and Earth Sciences for Societal Benefits’. This Colloquium was Co-chaired by Dr. Shailesh Nayak, Secretary of MoES and Dr. Chet Koblinsky, Director of NOAA’s Climate Program Office.
4. The colloquium, with some of the best scientists from both the Nations, had discussions on enhancing Indian Ocean Observations, improving monsoon and weather forecasting, and climate monitoring and prediction. The discussions during the Colloquium highlighted the state of the knowledge in different areas that affect the lives and livelihoods of people in this region and around the world, such as monsoons, climate, cyclones, and tsunamis and suggested possibilities of improved capability in developing skillful forecasts through observations and modeling techniques. Future projects that were being discussed include technical and scientific cooperation related to satellite data applications, greenhouse gas measurements, tropical cyclone forecasting and developing tsunami systems.
5. MoES will coordinate and lead these projects from Indian side with the help of other organizations and institutions of the country wherever needed towards achieving improved forecasts of weather and climate of the country.
6. For overall monitoring and integration of the various activities, a mechanism, is being put in place in the form of Joint Committee (JC) having members from both the countries . Following the above, the second JEM was held in New Delhi during 6-7 October 2009 in New Delhi to review the progress of all the ongoing joint projects. A 14 member delegation visited India during which they also visited the Centres like INCOIS, NCPOR and NIO. During the meeting progress of the ongoing projects were reviewed and new projects were firmed up.
During 6-8 October 3rd JEM was held in Washington to review the progress of the ongoing joint activities between NOAA and MoES.During the meeting three new IAs were signed and two more IAs were finalized. Discussions were also held on possible new areas of collaboration.
Following three new IAs were signed
- Tropical Cyclone Research
- INSAT 3D
- Tsunami Science, Detection, Analysis, Modeling, and Forecasting
Following two IAs were finalized
- Green House Measurement and Research
- Dynamical Seasonal Prediction of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall
Partner Countries: India-USA