S.No Country Date and Year of Sign Partner Agency Areas of Cooperation Major Accomplishments
1 UK Nov 2022 (The MoU is valid for a period of 5 years) Department for Environment, Food and Rural affairs & Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy of the UK MoU between MoES of the Republic of India and Department for Environment, Food and Rural affairs & Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy of the United Kingdom

The memorandum and associated implementation agreements establishes the framework for the collaborative activities in the field of Earth System Science.

2 UK 1st Mar 2013,(The tenure of the MoU expired in 2018 and later extended for another 5 years and renewed until July 2024) Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) MoU between the Earth System Science Organization (ESSO), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), the Republic of India and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) of the UK on cooperation in earth sciences

“Atmospheric Pollution and Human Health in an Indian Megacity” (APHH) includes 5 well-coordinated and cross-cutting research projects, involving 4 Agencies from UK and India. The 5 projects are focusing on PM sources, Emissions & impacts, Secondary pollutants and integrated solutions, Health effects, and Interventions and mitigations.

“Predicting the Variability of the South Asian Monsoon”: Three projects involving Indian and UK scientists were undertaken under this Implementing Agreements (IA) namely South West Asian Aerosol Monsoon Interaction (SWAAMI) Experiment, Bay of Bengal Boundary Layer Experiment (BOBBLE), and Monsoon dynamics and thermodynamics from the land surface, through convection to the continental-scale (INCOMPASS) to study different aspects of physical processes affecting the monsoon and to address the issue of better measurement and understanding of small-scale processes that drive the variability, seasonality and predictability in the South Asian Monsoon. Over 50 publications were brought out as reports and papers.

3 UK 28th Jan 2019 (The tenure of the MoU expired in 2023, but considering the scientific collaboration undertaken as part of the IA, the agreement was extended for one year till 31st March 2024) Met Office, UK MoU between MoES and the Met Office for and on behalf of the secretary of state for business, energy and industrial strategy of the UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on cooperation in Weather and Climate Sciences

Focus on enhancing capabilities in modelling high impact weather and inform services that help reduce exposure to damaging weather and climate impacts like the flooding during the South Asian summer monsoon, lightning and landslides; tropical cyclones bringing heavy rains, storm surges/flooding and strong winds; drought; hail and dust storms. The program has contributed in establishing a coupled system and data on severe weather has been shared to develop impact-based forecasting tools.