The scheme “Weather & Climate Services” of IMD is a continuing Scheme primarily encompassing ongoing programs in an integrated manner aimed at providing efficient weather and climate services across the country in various sectors. This scheme is a part of the umbrella scheme “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)” of MoES.

IMD provides services to weather-sensitive sectors viz. agriculture, irrigation, shipping, aviation, offshore oil explorations, etc. Over the years, specialized services have also been built for state-of-the-art Monitoring, Detection and Early Warning of extreme weather phenomena including tropical cyclones, severe thunderstorms, dust storms, heavy rains and snowfall events, cold and heat waves, etc. The meteorological services have significant societal impact. Public/private/government sectors demand for accurate prediction of weather and climate at various temporal and spatial scales is increasing due to possible impacts of global climate variability and change. The weather services are dependent on the sustained investments in Research and Development (R&D) and capacity building so that advances in weather and climate sciences get inducted in to service through a focused performance evaluation in a semi-operational environment. Further improvement of current services requires effective conversion of R&D results into fully operational products, services and effective means to develop linkages with decision-makers and users. Especially, effective use of public weather services to communicate through tools, products and services that are useful for decision-making is the need of the hour.

Major components of the scheme “Weather and Climate Services” are:

  1. Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa (Agrometeorological Advisory Services)
  2. Augmentation of Aviation Meteorological Services
  3. Climate Services
  4. Training in Operational Meteorology
  5. Capacity Building


  • Develop an Advanced Weather Prediction System for block level forecasts, skilful for next 3-5 days and develop advisories for sectors like Agriculture, Disaster Management, Water resources, Power, Tourism and Pilgrimage, Smart cities, Renewable Energy sector and Transport.
  • Setting up of District Agro-Met Units (DAMUs) in all the districts of the country for extension of Agromet Advisory Services (AAS).
  • To expand the outreach of weather based Agromet advisories to the 94 million farmers through multiple means of communication, collection of feedback and impact assessment of AAS.
  • Develop a state-of-the-Art support system for Aviation safety with the automated Aviation Weather Observing System and advanced forecasting tools for all the civil airports in the country.
  • Establishing new Aerodrome MET Offices at Greenfield Airports and setting up of automated Heliport Weather Observing & Transmitting System at Heliports, Landing ground and other strategic locations to support the Helicopter and low level flight operation of Indian Air Force, Indian Army and also at important tourist and pilgrimage locations.
  • Establish a state-of-the-art Climate Data Centre with integrated advanced climate data services portal for rendering national and regional climate services. The climate data centre will provide a comprehensive set of improved and specialized climate services for the country through upgradation of the existing operational activities of climate monitoring, climate prediction, climate data management and climate application.
  • Provide appropriate climate services to South Asia as WMO recognized Regional Climate Centre (RCC) for the region.
  • To upgrade the training infrastructure and facilities to enhance the capacity of the training establishment to bear increased loads of long term ab-initio training courses for new entrants, career progression courses and short term courses in specialized topics, training to the personnel from countries.
  • Contributions among WMO, Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia (RIMES)/ Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)/ Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) in South Asia etc.
  • Conduct of workshops, Seminars, Trainings, Symposiums, Users meet, Advertising & Publicity, Outreach activities etc

Participating Institution:  

India Meteorological Department, New Delhi


(Rs. In crores)

Budget Requirement
Scheme 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 Total
WEATHER & CLIMATE SERVICES 108.65 151.79 189.56 450.00